Fasting and Urinary Stones

Document Type: Review Article

Author

Professor of urology and renal transplantation, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Fasting is considered as one of the most important practices of Islam, and according to Prophet Mohammad, fasting is obligatory upon Muslims. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of fasting on urinary stones. Methods: Very few studies have been carried out on urinary stones and the effect of Ramadan fasting. The sources of the present study are Medline and articles presented by local and Muslim researchers. Meanwhile, since we are acquainted with three well-known researchers in the field  of urology, we contacted them via email and asked for their professional opinions. Results: The results of studies about the relationship of urinary stones and their incidence in Ramadan are not alike, and are even sometimes contradictory. Some believe that increased incidence of urinary stones in Ramadan is related not to fasting, but to the rise of weather temperature in hot months, and an increase in humidity. Conclusion: Numerous biological and behavioral changes occur in people who fast in Ramadan and some researchers believe that urinary stone increases during this month.

Keywords


  1. Wein AJ. Campbell-walsh urology. 10th ed: Saunders Elsevier; 2012.
  2. Shamsa A. Urinary Stones. Mashahad: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences; 2003.
  3. Miladipour AH, Shakhssalim N, Parvin M, Azadvari M. Effect of Ramadan fasting on urinary risk factors for calculus formation. Iran J Kidney Dis. 2012;6(1):33-8.
  4. Basiri A, Moghaddam S, Khoddam R, Nejad S, Hakimi A. Monthly variations of urinary stone colic in Iran and its relationship to the fasting month of Ramadan. Journal-Pakistan Medical Association. 2004;54(1):6-7.
  5. Abdolreza N, Omalbanin A, Mahdieh TS, Mohammad Ali MR, Reza MS, Maryam S, et al. Comparison of the number of patients admitted with renal colic during various stages of peri-Ramadan month. Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia. 2011 Nov;22(6):1199-202.
  6. Al-Hadramy MS. Seasonal variations of urinary stone colic in Arabia. Journal-Pakistan Medical Association. 1997;47:281-3.
  7. Gumaa K, Mustafa K, Mahmoud N, Gader A. The effects of fasting in Ramadan. British journal of nutrition. 1978;40(03):573-81.
  8. Salem Qoreshi…[et al.]. Experimental and clinical transplantation. 2012;6:551-3.
  9. Athar S. A Report on the First International Congress on Health and Ramadan. Journal of the Islamic Medical Association of North America. 1996;28(1).