Effect of Fasting on Mental Health in the General Population of Kermanshah, Iran.

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Farabi Hospital, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Iran

2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Psychology Department, Payamnoor University, Kermanshah, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Multiple studies have noted the positive effect of fasting on mental health improvement. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of fasting on mental health in the general population of Kermanshah, Iran. Methods: In this analytical research, one-group pretest-posttest design was used for the evaluation of 110 residents of Kermanshah city. General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) with four subscales was utilized in order to assess the subjects’ mental health. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 and paired t-test. Results: There was a significant difference between pre- and post-test results in terms of general health score (t= 3.138, P= 0.002), i.e., fasting could increase the population’s general health. There was a significant positive relationship between fasting and four subscales of general health including somatic symptoms (t=2.138, P=0.035), insomnia/anxiety (t=2.587, P=0.011), and social dysfunction (t=2.627, P=0.010). However, fasting had no significant effect on severe depression and suicidal tendencies (t=1.700, P=0.092). Conclusion: The obtained results showed that fasting has a positive effect on mental health in the general population of Kermanshah. Thus, more attention should be paid to fasting and its impact on people’s mental health.

Keywords


  1. Navabakhsh M, Pouryousef H.[The role of religion and religious beliefs on mental health.Number of Religious Research 14,winter 2005]. Persian
  2. How, C B. Ming, K E. Chin, C Y. Does religious affiliation influence glycaemia control in primary care patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus? Mental Health in Family Medicine 2011; 8: 21-8.
  3. Huang CL, Shang C, Shieh M, Lin H, Su JC. The interactions between religion, religiosity, religious delusion, hallucination and treatment-seeking behavior among schizophrenic patients in Taiwan.Psychiatry Research 2011; 187: 347–53.
  4. Sadeghi M. Sadat, Mazaheri MA. [The effect of fasting on mental health. Journal of Psychology 2005;6(3): 35]. Persian
  5. Kazmi M, Karimi S, Ansari A, NegahbanT,Hosseini S H, VaziriNezhad R. [The effect of fasting on students' mental health and depression in Islamic Azad University ofSirjan.Journal of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan summer 2006; 5(2): 117-122]. Persian
  6. Byanzadh S. Bolhari J. Dadfar M. KarimiKysmy I.[The effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy, cultural and religious improvement of obsessive-compulsive disorder. 913 Journal of Medical Sciences, Iran. Eleventh year / No. 44. The 1383 Ultra].Persian
  7. Zaare B. Abadi, M. AsgharNezhadFarid A. A. ,Bahari F. Chami M.[The role of fasting on spiritual intelligence and happinessin Quran in people who fast .Quran and medicine. ( 3) : 82-88. 1390]. Persian
  8. Rahmani MR, ZareieM. [The effect of Ramadan fasting on delayed hypersensitivity responses to PPD. Scientific Journal of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. Year 10, No. 1 , Spring 1382, Number 27]. Persian
  9. Asgari S. Aghaie A. Naderi G. A. Azali Sh.[Inhibition of lipid peroxidation in fasting and its protective role on cardio-vascular system. Scientific Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. No. 34 , Spring 1384]. Persian
  10. Mohammad Karim Sh. Larijani B. YarAhmadi Sh. Amini M.R. Baradarjalili R.  Aghakhani Sh. KhaliliFard A.R.[The effects of Islamic fasting on thyroid function in young healthy adults. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, ShahidBeheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. Fifth Year, No. 2, pages 121-125, Summer 1382]. Persian
  11. SardarPourgoudarzi Sh. SoltaniZarandi A.[Fasting in the month of Ramadan and mental health. Fifth Year, No. 2, pages 121-125, Summer 1382]. Persian
  12. Ali Babaei A. Ghasemi M. Tavakoli H. Yusefi A. [The effect of Ramadan fasting on some blood biochemical parameters. The Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences. No. 1, First Year, Fall 1387, page 21-26]. Persian
  13. Fararjeh, M. A.  Bustanji, Y. K. Mohammad, M. K. Saleme, M. L. Intermittent fasting during Ramadan attenuates proinflammatory cytokines and immune cells in healthy subjects. Nutrition research 32 (2012): 947 – 955.
  14. Goldberg DP, Hillior V. A Scale Version of General Health Questionnaire.Psych Med 1969; 9:131-45.
  15. Yaghoubi N, Nasr M, Shah-Mohammadi D. Prevalence of mental disorders in Someesara (Gilan) rural and urban areas. A thesis presented for clinical psychology. Iran University of medical sciences 1995.
  16. Shafie, Tavakoli M, Rafati F, Kazemi M.[The effect of fasting in the month of Ramadan on the mental health of Jiroft nursing students in 1382. The Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. Volume VI , Winter 1386, 73-78]. Persian
  17. KhoshNiatNikouM., ShadmanZh.,Larijani , B.[Fasting, mental health and sleep-wake pattern. Periodical journal of Southern Medicine.Biomedical Research Institute of Persian Gulf.Bushehr University of Medical Sciences and Health Services.Fifteenth year, 1391, No. 2, pp. 137-150]. Persian
  18. Hamidi, F. Bagherzadeh, Z. Gafarzadeh, S. The Role of Islamic Education in Mental Health.Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 5 (2010) 1991–1996.
  19. Javanbakht , M., Ziaei , S.A. Homam, S.M.Rahnama, A.[The effect of Ramadan fasting on students’ self-esteem and mental health. The Journal of Principles of Mental Health.Year  11 ( 4 ). Winter 1388. pp. 73-266]. Persian
  20. Sadeghi , M. Sadat . Mazaheri, M.A. [The effect of fasting on mental health.  Journal of Psychology 35/ninth year.Fall 1384.Number 3]. Persian
  21. Hosseinkhanzadeh, A.A. Niyazi, E. Investigate relationships between Religious orientation with public health and marital satisfaction among married students of University of Tehran. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 15 (2011) 505–509.
  22. MoghadamNia, M.T. Maghsoudi, Sh. [The effect of Ramadan fasting on anxiety. Journal of Gilan University of Medical Sciences / 1383 / Thirteenth Year / Number 49]. Persian
  23. Ghahremani, M. DelshadNoghabi, A. TavakoliZadeh, J. [Evaluating the effect of fasting on mental health.  Journal of Gonabad University of Medical Sciences and Health Services.Sixth year.Spring and summer 1379.Number 1]. Persian
  24. Kazemi , M. Karimi, S. Ansari, A. Negahban T. HosseiniS.H.VaziriNezhad R.[The effect of fasting on mental health and depression in the students of Islamic Azad University, Sirjan in 1383. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences .Volume V, number II. Summer 1385. 117-122]. Persian
  25. MahdaviAzadboni R, Rabinataj S.A.Faith, Health and Psychology. Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences 30 (2011): 1530 – 33.