Type 1 Diabetes and Ramadan Fasting: A Narrative Review

Document Type: Review Article

Authors

1 Professor OF pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Mashhad University of medical Sciences, Mashhad Iran.

2 Expert of medical Education Faculty of medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences.

3 Biochemistry and Nutrition Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Ramadan fasting is an important pillars of Islam .although patients and children expected from fasting during Ramadan, but every diabetic adolescents intends to fast should consult his diabetes management time, and intensive monitoring of blood glucose and urine ketones .close observation by endocrinologist, and weekly follow- up and highly individualized planning for each diabetic person is essential. In this Article we described general role that should be considered by type 1 diabetic people if they want to be fast during Ramadan. 

Keywords


  1. Mazidi M, Rezaie P, Chaudhri O, Karimi E, Nematy M. The effect of Ramadan fasting on cardiometabolic risk factors and anthropometrics parameters: a systematic review. Pak J Med Sci. 2015; 31(5):1250-5
  2. Mazidi M, Rezaie P, Karimi E, Nematy M. Effects of Ramadan fasting on lipid profile: a narrative review. J Fast Health. 2014; 2(2):57-61
  3. Bahreyni S, Mazidi M, Rezaie P, Vakili R, Norouzy A, Hashemy SI, et al. The effects of Ramadan fasting on the level of sex hormones in pre-menarche girls in Mashhad, Iran. J Fast Health. 2015; 3(1):43-9
  4. Shim JY, Kim KO, Seo BH, Lee HS. Soybean isoflavone extract improves glucose tolerance and raises the survival rate in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Nutr Res Pract. 2007; 1(4):266-72
  5. Sartang MM, Mazloomi SM, Tanideh N, Zadeh AR. The effects of omega-3 fatty acid-fortified soymilk fermented with bifidobacterium lactis, on the body weight, blood glucose and lipid profile of diabetic rats. Iran J Nutr Sci Food Technol. 2014; 9(2):1-10
  6. Kitabchi AE, Umpierrez GE, Miles JM, Fisher JN. Hyperglycemic crises in adult patients with diabetes. Diabetes care. 2009; 32(7):1335-43
  7. Kim S. Burden of hospitalizations primarily due to uncontrolled diabetes: implications of inadequate primary health care in the United States. Diabetes care. 2007; 30(5):1281-2
  8. Rother KI. Diabetes treatment--bridging the divide. N Engl J Med. 2007; 356(15):1499-501
  9. von Herrath M, Peakman M, Roep B. Progress in immune-based therapies for type 1 diabetes. Clin Exp Immunol. 2013; 172(2):186-202
  10. Al-Arouj M, Bouguerra R, Buse J, Hafez S, Hassanein M, Ibrahim MA, et al. Recommendations for management of diabetes during Ramadan. Diabetes care. 2005; 28(9):2305-11
  11. Ahmed MH, Abdu TA. Diabetes and Ramadan: an update on use of glycemic therapies during fasting. Ann Saudi Med. 2011; 31(4):402-6
  12. Azar ST, Khairallah WG, Merheb MT, Zantout MS, Fliti F. Insulin therapy during Ramadan fast for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. J Med Liban. 2008; 56(1):46
  13. Zabeen B, Tayyeb S, Benarjee B, Baki A, Nahar J, Mohsin F, et al. Fasting during Ramadan in adolescents with diabetes. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2014; 18(1):44-7
  14. Khalil AB, Beshyah SA, Abu Awad SM, Benbarka MM, Haddad M, Al-Hassan D, et al. Ramadan fasting in diabetes patients on insulin pump therapy augmented by continuous glucose monitoring: an observational real-life study. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2012; 14(9):813-8.
  15. Kadiri A, Al-Nakhi A, El-Ghazali S, Jabbar A, Al Arouj M, Akram J, et al. Treatment of type 1 diabetes with insulin lispro during Ramadan. Diabetes Metab. 2001; 27(4 Pt 1):482-6.