Effects of Ramadan Fasting on the Regulation of Inflammation

Document Type: Review Article

Authors

1 Department of Medical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Department of Modern Sciences and Technologies, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Biochemistry and Nutrition Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran.

4 School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

5 Department of Medical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Microanatomy Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

6 Department of Medical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Biochemistry and Nutrition Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran.

Abstract

The month of Ramadan, as a model of intermittent fasting, is a valuable opportunity to investigate the effects of dietary modifications on human metabolism. Fasting improves insulin sensitivity, reduces atherogenic risk, oxidative stress, and inflammation. Inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of different disorders including atherosclerosis, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. Ramadan fasting can positively modulate cardiovascular risks and improves the metabolic syndrome features through suppression of inflammatory responses. In this review we attempt to present recent studies that addressed the regulatory role(s) of this nutritional status on inflammation in patients with inflammatory diseases. These studies suggest that the anti-inflammatory effect of fasting is significant and could be considered as a complementary therapeutic approach in treatment of inflammatory disorders in patients.
Keywords: Ramadan fasting, Inflammation, Metabolic syndrome, Cardiovascular disease
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