Epidemiological Assessment of Water and Foodborne Outbreaks Reported in the United States and Europe from 2015 to 2020

Document Type : Review Article

Authors

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

10.22038/jnfh.2022.64173.1381

Abstract

One of the major public health problems followed by one of the leading causes of death worldwide is a water-and foodborne illness which is on the rise around the world for a variety of reasons. so it is important to study the causes of the spread of water- and foodborne diseases and ways to prevent and control them. This study aimed to analyze and determine common contributory factors in food safety incidents based on the data reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) from 2015 to 2020. According to this study, 105 cases of water- and foodborne illnesses in the United States were reported by the CDC, and 152 cases of water- and foodborne illnesses in Europe were reported by ECDC during the years 2015-2020. According to our review Salmonella spp, Cyclospora, E. coli spp, and Listeria monocytogenes were the most reported causative agents in the US, and Salmonella, Norovirus, Calicivirus, Campylobacter, B. cereus, and C. perfringens were the most reported causative agents in the EU. According to the results of this study, 6 major pathogens in the US, as well as 36 pathogens in the EU, have caused illness, hospitalization, and death in consumers. The CDC and ECDC analysis can provide insights into the most important pathogens and food sources which can help the authorities to control foodborne illnesses.

Keywords


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Volume 10, Issue 3 - Serial Number 3
September 2022
Pages 179-194
  • Receive Date: 02 March 2022
  • Revise Date: 24 July 2022
  • Accept Date: 26 July 2022
  • First Publish Date: 26 July 2022