Incidence and Factors Related to Stroke in the Month before, during and after Fasting in Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Internal Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.

2 School of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.

3 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.

4 Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.

5 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.


Introduction: The month of "Ramadan" is a remarkable instance of strong influences of culture and religion in Iranian people's behaviors and habits. Studies have reported different results in the rate of incidence, hospitalizations, time pattern and risk factors affecting stroke during fasting. This study was conducted with the aim of determining the incidence and factors related to stroke in the month before, during and after fasting in Yasuj, Iran. Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on stroke patients referred to Yasuj hospitals, Iran from January 2018 to December 2020 (Shaban, Ramadan and Shawwal 1443 AH). Complete medical records of 40 stroke patients with inpatient records were used. Stroke cases were separated by month, based on age, gender and other risk factors, as well as the time of incidence of stroke. Data were analyzed using SPSS v.28 software. Results: According to the findings of this study, 23 patients (57.5%) were male and 17 patients (42.5%) were female. The number of hospitalized patients with stroke in the months of Shaban, Ramadan and Shawwal were 12, 12 and 13 respectively. No significant correlation was observed in terms of the incidence of stroke during the month of Ramadan and other two months. In addition, there was no any significant difference between different months in terms of the studied variables (stroke history, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and smoking). Conclusion: This study indicated that fasting in Ramadan does not increase the incidence of stroke. Proper medical advice can significantly prevent strokes during Ramadan.


Main Subjects

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