Changes in Dietary Intake during Ramadan in North East of Iran Population

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Mashhad Medical School, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Mashhad Medical School, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Nutrition and Biochemistry Research Center and Department of Nutrition, Mashhad Medical School, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Iran

4 Birjand Medical School, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran


Introduction: Ramadan is the holiest month in Islamic calendar and Muslims abstain from eating, drinking, and smoking from dawn to sunset, in which there are changes in quality of food and eating patterns. The purpose of this study was to know whether these changes provide nutritional needs, and supply all of necessary macronutrients for individuals in the month. Method: A prospective observational study was performed during Ramadan of 1429A.H (September, 2008) in Mashhad, Iran. Among 335 subjects enrolled for the study, 266 subjects met inclusion criteria. We used a semi-quantitative 302-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) that was self-administered and assessed the subject’s energy, macronutrient, and fiber intake over the previous three days. Dietary intake assessment was carried out one week before or after Ramadan and during the month. Results: Data showed that the amount of energy intake and macronutrients increased significantly in women and men less than 35 years during Ramadan, and also we found a significant difference in protein intake between males and females less than 35 years old out of Ramadan time. Conclusion: This study revealed that there was a significant increase in intake of energy and macronutrients in men and women less than 35 years that was mainly due to high consumption of carbohydrate during this month. In this study there was no change in energy intake of participants over 35 years old.


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