A Brief Look at the Role of Fasting in Mental Health and Its Correspondence with Advances in Psychology

Document Type : Review Article


Department of Aolom Guran va Hadis, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran


The robust increase in mental disorders, elevated use of sedatives and increased number of psychiatric hospitals, even in developed countries, indicate the need for preparing the human mind against tribulations. Although industrial advances have provided mankind with comfort, they have also increased the level of stress and psychological traumas. Here, the question arises as how we can free individuals from mental damages and stress in order to sustain mental health and pave the way for growth and excellence. In this article, we aimed to investigate the influence of fasting on mental health, according to “Shabaniyah Sermon” by Prophet Muhammad and new psychological findings. It should be mentioned that such comparison requires comprehensive research and further studies. In this article, we evaluated various cognitive measures such as “faith in God” and “worship”, as well as behavioral strategies, e.g., “repentance” and “honoring kinship”. These practices are based on humans’ spiritual needs and psychologists’ ideas and have great impacts on human health and prevention of psychological traumas. The main purpose of this study was to identify factors which harm the human spirit and deprive an individual of mental health. By identifying these factors, we can provide the grounds for growth and prosperity.


  1. Mo´in M. Farhange farsi (A Persian dictionary). 3th ed. Tehran: AmirKabir Pub; 1992.

  2. Hosseini Almusavi M. Immunization and Strengthen The Immune System Based on The Teaching of Islam. Islam and health conference, Tehran; 2002.

  3. Balanescu V. Prevention is better than cure, say Romanian doctors. Bull World Health Organ. 2011; 89(4):248-9.

  4. Jung CG. The Undiscovered Self. New York: New American Library; 2014. P. 24-108.

  5. Kaplan H, Kaplan SB. Sadock's synopsis of psychiatry: behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry. Trans, Rezaai F. Tehran: Arjmand pub; 2014. P. 43-447.

  6. Jung CG, Von Franz ML. Man and his symbols. Texas: Laurel Publishing; 2012. P. 493.

  7. Hosseini AG. Fundamentals of mental health. Mashhad: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences; 2004. p.173.

  8. Maslow AH. A theory of human motivation. wilder, Inc UK: Critical Concepts in Psycholigy; 1998. P. 18-32.

  9. Tavakoly G. The origin of religion freud. Tehran: Sohrevardi pub; 2005. P. 114 (Persian).

  10. Freud Z. Five speech therapy. Texas: Health Services; 2015. P. 62-147.

  11. Jung CG. Psychology and Religion. Routledge: West and East; 2011.

  12. Frankl VE. Man`s search for meaning. New York: Simon & Schuster; 2014.

  13. Alizade MM. Iran Ocuupation Health. Tebyan. Available at: URL: www.Tebyan.net/index.aspex =78615.

  14. Neurofeedback Alumina. Mind. Available at: URL: www.mind.com; 2012.

  15. Health advice. Improving the lives of people with mental illness. Available at: URL: www.Rcpsych. Ac.Uk.

  16. Majlesi MB. Bahar al-anvar. Tehran: Islami pub; 1996. P. 356 (Persian).

  17. Fromm E. Psychology and religion. New York: Open Road Media; 2013. P. 99-142.

  18. Thomas H, Thomas DL. Living adventures in philosophy. Trans: Shamsa A. Tehran: Qoqnos publication; 1996.P. 404-9.

  19. Kierkegaard S. Fear and trembling. Penguin, UK: Dialectical lyric by Johannes de silentio; 2011.

  20. Elahi B. Spirit Medicine. Tehran: Jihon pub; 2000. P.46.

  21. Carell A. Thoughts about Life. Mehrin: Eskandary pub; 1981. P. 196-8.

  22. wikifegh. Available at: URL: http://wikifegh.ir.

  23. Holy Qur'an, Trans: Naser Makarem Shirazi, Sarmayeh press, Qom, 2011; Raad: 25 (Persian).